Pattern recognition in Trend lines, which detect and draw the following patterns: ascending; descending; symmetrically & extended triangles; wedges; trend channels.

The future exchange rate is reflected into the forward exchange rate stated today. The forward exchange rate of the dollar is said to be at a discount because it buys fewer Japanese yen in the forward rate than it does in the spot rate. The yen is said to be at a premium.

The Federal Reserve Banks began a multi-year restructuring of their check operations in 2003 as part of a long-term strategy to respond to the declining use of checks by consumers and businesses and the greater use of electronics in check processing. The Reserve Banks will have reduced the number of full-service check processing locations from 45 in 2003 to 4 by early 2011.